Weed control exists because even the best-kept lawn can fall under attack from common weeds. Weed seeds easily travel from one area to another area by wind, rainwater, animals, human traffic, and even lawn and garden equipment. Weeds are the enemy of beautiful, green lawns. Weed control is a common challenge when it comes to home landscaping, and even the best gardeners and landscapers continually combat these persistent pests.

Since weed seeds are easily transported, they can pollinate different areas of your lawn causing the weeds you thought you had killed in one area of your grass to start to grow again in another area. Weed seeds can also remain dormant for several years before they begin to develop. Other weed seeds take time to reach the soil’s surface and get proper sunlight and moisture before they germinate.

The health of your lawn and its ability to grow and look beautiful depends on how you can identify problems in your lawn and how you choose to respond to the health of your lawn. You are best equipped to fight weed invasion when you can identify common weeds and the ways to successfully get rid of them.


Weed classifications and weed identification are the first steps to successful weed control

There are three main classifications of weeds:

  • Annuals grow and produce seeds, then die within a single year. Some annuals may survive a second year in warmer climates. Annual weeds are the easiest to kill.
  • Biennials live for two years. The first year is vegetative development and the second year is flowering and seed development.
  • Perennials live from season to season and produce seeds annually.

Weed Identification & Characteristics

Anything growing in your lawn that isn’t part of your lawns normal growth can be considered a weed. Even flowers growing in the yard or grass can be regarded as weeds. However, botanically, there are three types of weeds: 

Grassy Weeds

Grassy Weeds are identified by how it resembles grass in the way it looks and grows, one leaf at a time. They are true grasses. Grassy weeds look like grass blades and are considered invasive weeds when they show up in your lawn.

Examples include Crabgrass, Foxtail, Annual Bluegrass, and Goose Grass

Broadleaf Weeds

These are the most common weeds found in gardens. Broadleaf weeds are identified by leaves that appear broad and flat (not grassy or needle-like) Examples include: Dandelion, clover, ground ivy (creeping Charlie), oxalis, chickweed, dollar weed, henbit, plantain, thistle

Sedge Weeds

Sedge weeds also look and grow like grasses but are not grasses. Sedges have solid un-jointed stems and are usually found in wet areas. Sedges are aggressive rapid growers and very hard to control. Examples Include: Yellow and Purple Nutsedge, Wild Onion or Garlic, and Star of Bethlehem

Proven Weed Control Methods

Weed Control By Hand 

  • Manually removing unwanted weeds by hand or with garden tools is the most selective and environmentally friendly way to control weeds. Here are some tips to keep in mind when using this weed control method:
  • It is much easier to remove them after a good rainfall.
  • Remove a weed as soon as it shows up.
  • Pull at the base, lifting out as much root as possible.
  • For larger weeds with extensive roots, like thistles and dandelions, use a garden fork, spike, or narrow trowel. 

Weed Control & Prevention By Herbicides

Manual weed removal isn’t a practical method for large areas or places that are overgrown with weeds. The best option may be to use herbicides. When done correctly, herbicides are incredibly effective at combating weed invasion and eliminating weeds. The challenge for homeowners is correctly identifying the weed type in their yards and understanding the best herbicide type to use at the proper time of the year during a weeds growth cycle. There are two types of herbicides broken into two categories and then further broken down into two nest times to apply. Using the wrong herbicide can damage and even kill healthy lawns.

There are two types of herbicides:

  1. Systemic herbicides enter the plant through the roots and leaves and travel through the inside of the plant.
  2. Contact herbicides kill from the outside and work their way into a plant. Contact herbicides kill the weed by reducing its ability to feed itself through the process of photosynthesis. 

Within these two categories, herbicides may also be selective or nonselective: 

Selective herbicides that kill only certain plants and only work when applied as directed. These products remove weeds without destroying the lawn where the weeds grow.

Nonselective herbicides kill all plants they come into contact with. These are best used when preparing to establish a new lawn. When used, all living vegetation can be removed from an area, which gives you a clean slate to work with.

Lastly, herbicides are either pre-emergent or post-emergent, and the timing of application is crucial. Herbicide application too late or early only wastes the herbicide.

Pre-emergent herbicides are designed for application before the targeted weed germinates and are an effective preventative method for controlling weeds. Pre-emergent herbicides establish a chemical barrier that doesn’t kill established plants but are great when used for preventative measures. The protective barrier breaks down in six to eight weeks, therefore requiring proper timing to be effective. It is a best practice to apply them early in the season. Use caution during application because pre-emergent weed control may harm some plants and turf grasses.

Post-emergent herbicides are designed to control weeds that are already growing. All contact weed killers are post-emergent. It is a best practice to apply post-emergent later in the growing season, after weeds have grown but before they seed. 


When it comes to combating weeds, the best defense is often a good offense. This means keeping your lawn thick and healthy to prevent weeds from having room to grow. The Coastal Lawn & Pest team has been providing weed control in Southwest Florida since 2008. We are a family-owned and daily operated company that is insured and fully licensed to provide lawn weed control and pest management services for both homeowners and businesses.

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weed Control Services in Southwest Florida

Coastal Lawn & Pest is the premier weed control service company in Southwest Florida. If you live in Southwest Florida, you understand that weed control can become a problem if it is neglected. We here at Coastal Lawn & Pest understand that our clients have busy lives, that’s why it’s okay to leave weed control to the professionals.

Here is a list of the cities that we offer our weed control services to:

  • Lehigh Acres, FL
  • Fort Myers, FL
  • Fort Myers Beach, FL
  • Sanibel Island, FL
  • Captiva Island, FL
  • Boca Grande, FL
  • Cape Coral, FL
  • Naples, FL
  • Bonita Springs, FL
  • Estero, FL
  • Port Charlotte, FL
  • Punta Gorda, FL

If you live in any of these cities and are in need of service to your irrigation system, please contact us today. We have a staff of employees who are very experienced in irrigation system services, we would love to advise you on what your next step should be.